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Scoliosis of the spine is a sideways curvature that can often result in an ‘S’ shape or ‘C’ shape curve in the spine.The curve is usually in the Thoracic or Lumbar regions of the spine. Scoliosis can either be congenital, meaning present from birth, or idiopathic, meaning it develops over time as a result of another condition such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy.

Idiopathic scoliosis can also develop as a result of a muscular imbalance caused by either physical trauma following an accident or by one sided activities such as throwing or racket sports. Children can develop scoliosis through carrying heavy bags on one shoulder all day at school.

Scoliosis is not always obvious is minor cases. If you run the fingers down the spine either side of the vertebrae they will leave two red lines. It is often easier to see the curving of the spine in these red lines.


This condition is an abnormal curvature of the spine. It most often develops in early childhood, just before a child reaches puberty.


Most people have mild scoliosis and do not need any treatment. However, our spinal team may arrange regular reviews to make sure that the scoliosis does not worsen as children get older. Once the main bone growth ends after puberty, scoliosis does not usually become worse. Sports and other activities can be done normally for most people.

Occasionally, in certain cases, an operation is sometimes advised for people with severe scoliosis. The aim of the operation is to correct the curve, stabilise the spine and also to fuse the curve. Fusion is the joining of two or more back bones (vertebrae). Implants or rods are often used to keep the back straight after the operation. These rods are usually lengthened every 4-6 months as you grow.  Meeting with our team is the best way to come up with a treatment plan to make sure you and your family continue to live your life everyday unaffected by the condition.